funded publications must be functional, making a
valuable contribution to the publication. You should be
sensitive to the price involved and make sure color
contributes to the communication process.
Color usage in CE publications is limited only by
contract and the CE printers ability to make color
Editorial opinion must be confined to clearly
identified editorial columns. Encourage opinions,
editorials and commentaries. Editors should welcome
letters to the editor, guest commentaries,
man-on-the-street interviews and columns on editorial
When statements of opinion (other than letters to the
editor or man-on-the-street interviews) present material
in conflict with Navy or command policy, the following
editors note should be used at the end of the article:
Opinions expressed herein are those of the
writers and not an official expression of the
Department of the Navy or of this command.
Remember reading about credibility in Chapter 1?
These principles also apply to the newspaper business.
Every aspect of Navy journalism must lend itself to
gaining and maintaining credibility. Attribution is
essential to credibility. Opinion and information sources
must be attributed.
NEWSPAPER STAFF ORGANIZATION
Learning Objective: Identify the staff organization of a
Navy newspaper, how assignments are made, the
training scheduled by the supervisor, the use of
credentials and the content and frequency of readership
A prototypical Navy newspaper staff organization
does not exist because manning situations vary among
Navy public affairs offices. For instance, a large funded
newspaper ashore may have a JO1 or JOC serving as the
editor, with a JO2 assuming the responsibilities of
associate editor or managing editor. The staff may
include two or three JO3s or JOSNs and a PH3.
Conversely, a similar newspaper on a different coast
may have a JO1 and a JOSN or PHAN tackling the many
responsibilities of newspaper production.
The organization of a large Navy CE newspaper
staff further illustrates this diversity. The senior
journalist rarely serves as the editor. A government
service employee or a civilian employed by the
publisher fills this slot, while the JO1 or JOC assumes
the role of associate editor. Two or three additional
government service employees may serve as writers or
photographers; another civilian, provided by the
publisher, may supplement the staff. A JO3 and JOSN
usually rounds out the staff.
A smaller CE newspaper staff may have a civilian
editor, a JO1 or JOC as associate editor and only one or
two additional military or civilian writers.
Regardless of your particular manning situation,
you can use the chart in figure 7-1 to guide you in
structuring your CE or funded newspaper organization.
What are the different positions within a CE or
funded newspaper staff? Figuring in a degree of
variation, the staff organization can include the
following positions and components: (1) editor,
(2) associate editor, (3) sports editor, (4) leisure editor,
(5) general assignment writers, (6) classified ads and
The editor is responsible for the entire editorial
content of the newspaper and its inherent administrative
concerns. Some of the duties handled by the editor
include the following:
Working closely with the publisher to set up a
schedule of delivering layouts, copy, photo-
graphs and art for printing
Making sure the quality of the paper is consistent
from issue to issue
Coordinating the distribution of the newspaper
with the publisher
Answering inquiries from individuals requesting
coverage of events
Reviewing stories, headlines, captions and
cutlines for adherence to The Associated Press
Stylebook and Libel Manual and the locally
produced stylebook, and for completeness and
Making story and photograph assignments (in
consultation with the associate editor)
Proofreading the blueline (explained later)