In the following text, we cover the major points of
assembling a picture story.
NUMBER OF PICTURES
The number of pictures required to make up a
picture story depends on the importance and complexity
of the subject. However, an odd number of photographs
should be used in a double-truck layout. The term
double truck, also called a centerfold, is used for a
two-page layout made up as one page, with the gutter,
or normal margin between the two pages, eliminated.
LEAD AND LAST PICTURE
The most important picture of any picture story is
the one that opens the story the lead picture. This
picture has a double function. First, it must attract the
readers attention and make that person want to know
more about the subject. For that reason it should be the
largest in your picture story. Second, it must show the
subject and theme of the story in a graphically
Almost as important as the lead picture is the last
picture. The closing picture should show the reader the
significance of the subject to the storyline or theme.
BODY OF THE STORY
The body, which shows important scenes of the
subject in action, must be varied and lively in visual
rendition and presentation. To provide this variety and
liveliness in a story, the photographer should start with
a good script, excellent change of pace in coverage
techniques and a quick eye for unexpected develop-
ments during actual shooting. By careful study of major
picture magazines, photographers, as well as layout
artists, can gain a great deal of insight into the type of
pictures being used in picture story assignments.
Some photographs, because of their compositional
direction, are natural right-hand or left-hand photo-
graphs. This means that the photograph is a natural to
be used on the right or left side of a page, photo display
or picture layout. Picture stories are viewed in the same
manner in which we read, from left to right. Therefore,
the lead photograph should be one that has the subject
facing toward the viewers right and the ending
photograph facing toward the viewers left. When
possible, all lead and ending photographs should be
taken twice: once with a left-hand direction and again
with a right-hand direction. By duplicating these shots,
you provide flexibility for layout. All photographs have
direction: left, right, upward, downward, straight in or
straight out of the page.
HEADLINES, CUTLINES AND TEXT
Headlines, cutlines and text have double functions.
First, they give the reader facts that supplement the
pictures editorially. Second, they serve graphically as
elements of composition that contribute to the
organization of the picture story.
LEARNING OBJECTIVE: Identify the purpose
of proofreading newspaper galley proofs and
recognize the standard proofreaders marks.
Proofreading is one of the final steps in the printing
process (from the standpoint of the JO, not the
After the publisher has typeset your copy, you will
receive the initial copies of your typeset stories. These
copies are called galley proofs, galleys or just plain
proofs. The galley proof name originated in the
printing profession many years ago. Proofs of long rows
of type came direct from the galleys, or trays, in which
the type sits until makeup time at the printshop.
WORKING WITH GALLEY PROOFS
Your job is to read through the galley proofs
every word and every punctuation mark to make sure
there are no errors and that they conform to the original
copy. If an error is found, it will be connected at the
expense of the publisher (in a commercial printshop).
However, the cost of any changes in the original copy
must be borne by your command, since they result in
extra work for the publisher.
In photo-offset printing, you are likely to be given
the complete paste-ups of pages (publishers
reproducible, sometimes called repros) for proof-
reading. Proofreading is usually done by all members of
the newspaper staff and printshop personnel. The reason
is obvious; checking the content of your publication is
part of your job.