Quantcast Speech Delivery Methods

and   women   up-to-date   on   the   latest   command evolutions,  events  and  policy  changes  by  informing. SPEECHES TO INTRODUCE There  are  many  occasions  that  will  require  you  to introduce  a  speaker,  such  as  the  following:  guest speakers at command briefings, training sessions, news conferences   or   briefings   and   public   meetings.   In addition,  you  will  often  have  to  write  a  speech  of introduction to be given by another person. It is always wise  for  you  to  anticipate  the  need  to  prepare  an introduction as an aid to the program chairman, to introduce your officer in command, or some other naval representative  at  public  speaking  engagements. Your main objective is to stimulate the listeners’ desire   to   hear   the   speaker;   everything   else   is subordinated to this aim. The duty of the person who introduces the speaker is to introduce, not to make the presentation or air his views on the subject. He is only the foregoing agent for the speaker whose job is to sell the speaker to the audience. SPEECH  DELIVERY  METHODS Learning  Objective: Identify  the  various  speech delivery  methods. Now that you have studied the speech preparation steps and the various classifications of speeches, it is time to select a speech delivery method. Why decide this first?  Simply  because  the  degree  and  type  of preparation vary with each different method of delivery. Four principal methods of presenting a speech are as follows: l Impromptu .  Memorization . Manuscript l Extemporaneous IMPROMPTU The  impromptu  method  is  completely  unplanned. You are at a meeting of the Second Class Petty Officers Association   Advisory   Board   and   someone   says something with which you disagree. So you get up and make an impromptu speech. Perhaps you are on leave in your hometown and stop by to see your former high school principal. He invites you to tell the senior class a little bit about your Navy travels and experiences, and thus you deliver an impromptu speech. Unless you are one of those rare people who can talk on any subject at any time, impromptu speaking will probably be difficult for you. You may find yourself nervous, tongue-tied and unable to think of anything to say,  much  less  express  yourself  clearly.  This  is  a perfectly normal reaction to an unfamiliar situation, and it should not disturb you. The nervousness generated in this setting is both physical and psychological, and you should  attack  it  on  both  levels.  The  following  sections address  these  concerns. Physical  Considerations On  the  physical  level,  start  by  making  yourself comfortable. Stand naturally on both feet with your knees relaxed and take several deep breaths. Regulate your breathing and talk slowly so that you never run out of air. As you get into the subject, you will begin to feel better, and the pounding in your chest and wobbling about the knees-neither of which is apparent to your audience  no  matter  how  obvious  they  may  be  to you–will gradually subside. At the end of three minutes, you probably will not notice these symptoms any more. Psychological  Considerations Psychologically you should realize that your fear is most likely based on the unfamiliarity of the situation, and not the fact that you have to talk. Obviously, you know something about the subject (probably more than anybody else in the room does), or you would not have been asked to speak in the first place. You could say the same thing to three sailors on the mess decks with no strain. It is really the situation, not the task at hand, that has got you nervous. Situational  Concerns It is a pretty safe inference that the audience is reasonably well disposed to you personally and to what you are about to say. If they were not, you would not have been invited to speak. You can remember that your nervousness is NEVER as apparent to the audience as it is to you. If you have ever detected that a speaker felt bad, rest assured that he really felt a lot worse. Additionally, the reaction of an audience toward a nervous  speaker  is  rarely  ever  contempt.  They  almost always feel sympathetic toward the speaker. So tell yourself that you know considerable y more about the subject than anybody else there, that the audience is friendly, and that all you are doing is talking to them-and you  talk  to  people  every  day  without  getting  nervous. 6-4


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