1. Place the film in the chamber, grasp the
beginning of the film (called the leader) and feed it onto
the sprockets of the take-up spool.
2.- Move the film advance lever forward, depress
the shutter release button, and again advance the film
3. Close the back of the camera carefully and
depress the shutter release button.
4. Advance the film another frame and watch the
rewind knob to make sure it moves.
If the rewind knob does not move, either you loaded
the film incorrectly or there is still some slack in the film
cassette. The latter situation can be checked by your
gently rotating the rewinding knob clockwise without
depressing the rewind button on the bottom of the
camera (as is usually done when rewinding film).
HOLDING THE CAMERA
Although you may hold the camera in any manner
that best suits you, give serious consideration to the
method described in the following text. It will give you
a steady platform for the camera that will help you
reduce camera movement.
Grasp the camera on the right side with your right
hand (fig. 11-6). Use the index finger of your right hand
Figure 11-6.Holding the camera.
to depress the shutter release button and the thumb of
your right hand to advance the film. Adjust the shutter
speed control with the index finger and thumb of the
Use the index finger and thumb of your left hand to
adjust the aperture and focus. For horizontal shots, place
both of your elbows against your body for support.
When you take vertical format shots, your left elbow
should be placed against the body for support. Cradle
telephoto lenses in your left hand.
FOCUSING THE CAMERA
A camera is focused by moving the lens closer or
farther from the film (focal) plane. The two basic
methods of focusing are scale focusing and SLR
focusing. Both types of focusing are covered in the
In scale focusing, you use a scale of distances to
which the lens is set. This scale maybe inscribed on the
lens barrel or on the camera frame (fig. 11-7), depending
on the camera design.
Scale focusing is used primarily with small aperture
lenses that have sufficient depth of field to overcome
small camera-to-subject distance estimate or
measurement errors. To use the focusing scale, you must
estimate in most cases, the camera-to-subject distance.
Figure 11-7.Focusing scale on a camera lens.