used for the same voice. Your experimenting with the
equipment might even lead to an audio effect that is
unique. Let your creativity guide you.
Do not overuse studio effects; they can become
tiring to the ear and may cover the intended message of
the production An advantage of radio is that it lends
itself to the audiences imagination better than television
does. Through the clever use of studio effects and radio
sound, you can exploit this advantage to take your
listener on a trip to Hawaii while he never leaves his
Organization is the key to making the most of
production time. Think the whole process through
before you walk into the studio. This will reduce
frustration. If you are not prepared and things do not
work the way you want them to, frustration sets in and
the production becomes that much more difficult.
When completed, the production has made a drastic
transformation from a producers imagination, to a
script, and finally to a recorded tape or cartridge.
Throughout this gradual change, certain internal checks
were applied to make a high-quality product according
to aesthetical and technical standards commonly
recognized by broadcasters and the specific require-
ments of the local station.
Quality control is the responsibility of every
broadcaster and will mean the success or failure of the
objectives of the production.
The internal checks and balances previously
mentioned come during the following-three phases of
the development of the production:
Preproduction is the gathering of all the supporting
elements called for in the script and auditioning specific
music and sound effect cuts to make sure they are
appropriate. Many times, what the scriptwriter
envisioned on paper turns out to be inappropriate in the
audio production. The music (tempo, key, melody
theme) should convey to the listener a mood that
supports and enhances the objective of the production.
Your ear is the best judge of whether a piece is
aesthetically correct for the production, and it should be
obvious if there is a mood mismatch. This is a good time
to audition any background music that contains vocals.
There is no absolute rule against using vocal songs
as long as it is important to the message and the levels
(narration and music) are set correctly. The background
music, with or without vocals, is acceptable only if it
remains in the background. It is easy for the music to
end up overpowering the message. Your using vocals for
background music means you will have to make a close
check on the level balance during the production and
Check all supportive elements to make sure they
meet technical broadcast standards. The script may call
for a sound effect that is only available on an old tape
that is distorted when played. In that case, find a similar
effect on a newer, cleaner tape or create the effect
yourself. If actualities from other sources are used
(interviews, news inserts, etc.), they also must be
produced cleanly and be understood easily.
Review the script and note any unfamiliar words or
names. Look up the pronunciations of any that maybe
a problem for you. If another voice is called for, make
arrangements for someone else to be in the studio at the
appointed production date and time and have copies of
the script prepared for him.
Furthermore, before you begin the production
phase, know and understand the format requirements for
your product. In other words, is the final package to be
on reel tape or cartridge? What speed should the
production master reel be recorded? On what is the
timing requirement? When these technical questions
have been answered, you are ready to go into the studio.
Once in the studio, make sure all the required
equipment is in good working order. Follow the locally
established procedures in setting up and checking the
audio console and equipment needed for your
production. It is best to bulk erase any production tapes
you use. Using tapes that still have audio from other
productions can make tape cuing difficult and may lead
to the unintentional airing of unwanted audio. It is a
good idea that you label all tapes used in the production
process so you can find the element you need easily.
Follow the script as it was approved. Unless you are
the writer, do not make substantial changes to the
content without first checking with the author. There
may be a good reason for the script appearing as it does.