Religious Society of Friends
Roman Catholic Church
Unitarian Universalist Association
Jewish groups include the following:
Union of American Hebrew Congregations
Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations in
United Synagogues of America
Rabbinical groups include the following:
Central Conference of American Rabbis
Rabbinical Assembly of America
Rabbinical Council of America
Union of Orthodox Rabbis of the United States and
The Synagogue Council of America represents both
the congregational and rabbinical groups of Orthodox,
Reform and Conservative Judaism. Their places of
worship are temples or synagogues. The generic term is
Jewish house of worship.
In general written reference to a member of the
clergy, use the following: the Rev. John Smith, or the
Rev. Mr. Smith. Do not use Rev. without Mr., Miss,
Mrs., Ms., a first name or initials. A chaplain is referred
to as a chaplain with his rank following in parentheses
on the first usage. Note the following examples of the
correct use of titles:
Example: Chaplain (Lt.) John Smith . . . then,
The title Dr. is used only when the doctorate
degree is actually held.
Examples: the Rev. Dr. Betty Johns; Dr. Johns; The
Rev. Betty Johns, D.D. (Doctor of Divinity).
Roman Catholic usage: the Rev. Joe Jones; Father
Jones; the Most Rev. Joe Jones, bishop of the Denver
Diocese; Bishop Jones; Francis Cardinal Jones;
A nun is addressed as sister, which is capitalized
in all references before her name. When a surname is
given in the first reference, use both given name and
surname (Sister Mary Elizabeth Smith); and in
subsequent references, use only the surname (Sister
Lutheran usage: In the United States Pastor John
LEARNING OBJECTIVE: Recognize the
common errors in sentence structure.
Smith). When the surname is not provided, the name is
the same in all references (Sister Mary Elizabeth). Do
not abbreviate the word sister.
Episcopal usage: A priest is referred to as the Rev.
John Jones or the Rev. Mr. Jones. A dean is the Very Rev.
John Jones, the Rev. Jones, Mr. Jones or Dean Jones. A
bishop is the Rt. Rev. John Jones, the Rt. Rev. Mr., or
Bishop Jones. A member of the Episcopal Church is an
Jewish usage: Rabbi John Goldstein, Rabbi
Goldstein, Dr. Goldstein (where degree is held). Cantor
John Goldstein, Cantor Goldstein. Never identify a
rabbi as Reverend Doctor.
Christian Science usage: Practitioner, Lecturer,
Reader Joe Jones. Never reverend in any form. Reader
Jones of the First Church. The Mother Church (Boston
Methodist usage: Pastor, minister, preacher, bishop.
Use of the Rev. Mr. Jones is acceptable.
Jones, Pastor Jones, Mr. Jones. Scandinavian Lutheran
usage follows the Episcopal forms.
Latter-Day Saints (Mormon) usage: President John
Jones, President Jones, Elder Jones, Presiding Bishop
John Jones, Bishop Jones, Presiding John Jones of the
Presiding Bishopric. Members of the church are
It is incorrect to apply the word church to any
Baptist unit except the local church. The organization of
Southern Baptists is the Southern Baptist Convention.
The American Lutheran Church, the Evangelical
Lutheran Church and the United Evangelical Lutheran
Church merged in 1960 into the American Lutheran
Church with headquarters in Minneapolis, Mire.
Unitarian and Universalist denominations are
known as the Unitarian Universalist Association.
There are other faiths that have mosques, dioceses,
archdioceses, areas, synods, presbyteries, and so forth.
If in doubt, you should consult your chaplains office for
the accurate designations and changes.
COMMON SENTENCE STRUCTURE
The sections on spelling, capitalization and
punctuation have all contributed to the construction of