One final thought the best kind of interview is
one that proceeds in a friendly, natural, informal way.
There was a time when some news people thought little
of using deception or impersonation to get the
information they wanted. Respectable newspapers and
other media frown on these practices today.
Additional information on interviews maybe found
in Chapter 15 (Radio and Television Interviewing).
AUTHORITY FOR RELEASING
LEARNING OBJECTIVE: Identify the proper
authority for the release of Navy news.
When information previously limited to a
controlled number of persons is made available to the
general public, it is said to be released. If this is done
in formal written form, the document itself is termed a
release, or a news release. Officers in command of all
ships and stations, as well as senior commands, are
authorized to release certain types of news without
requesting advance approval from higher authority.
News of purely local interest is the first of this type.
However, there are certain cautions. All officers in
command are responsible for keeping CHINFO and
other concerned seniors informed of all events and
actions when any possibility exists that the national
news media may become interested. There are also
special procedures for handling news releases relating
to members of Congress and civic officials.
Spot news, including announcements or answers to
queries of an emergency nature, where delay in issuing
information would be harmful to the best interests of the
Navy, is releasable without advanced approval of higher
Categories of news releases for which local release
is not authorized, without prior approval of higher
authority, are covered in detail in PA Regs. A partial list
of these categories is included in figure 7-1.
In some cases the PAO is authorized by the officer
in command to release certain news items, such as
hometowners and news of a purely routine nature.
Release of information by any command is carried
out by, or with, the assistance of the command PAO.
Offices or divisions within a command cannot release
information to the public without consulting the PAO.
For a complete study on the proper release of
information through channels from the heads of
A. Accidents and Casualties
1. Civilians on board Navy ships, etc.
2. Foreign nationals in training with the
3. Involving more than one service
5. Names and photographs of casualties
B. Biological Research, Chemical Warfare
and Psychological Warfare Programs
C. Classified Information and Intelligence
D. Foreign National and Foreign Countries
2. U.S. foreign defense plans
3. Operations and training exercises
E. Movements of Units
1. Between ports in the U.S.
2. Overseas areas
F. New Weapons and Equipment
1. Performance or capabilities
2. Modifications resulting in improvement
1. Nuclear propulsion
2. Nuclear weapons capability of U.S.
3. Port visits of nuclear-powered ships
4. SSB(N) operations
1. Movements of
2. Name and address lists (example:
3. Reduction in personnel
I. Scientific Results (unclassified)
J. Submarine Sightings
1. Sources/quantities of strategic or critical
2. Movements, assembly and storage of
L. Technical Information
M. Training of Specialized Units
Figure 7-1.Subjects not releasable locally (unless approved by