RHETORICAL QUESTION A question that cannot
be answered with a straight yes or no answer; it is
asked mainly for effect with no answer expected
ROUGH The initial manuscript of a story, normally
typed double-spaced on one side of the paper only.
ROUGH A thin, black line used to separate newspaper
items and create boxes.
RULE OF THIRDS A photographic concept where
the photographer mentally divides the frame into
thirds (both vertically and horizontally) and places
the point of interest at one of the four intersections
of these lines.
RUN AND RETURN STORY A type of story
processed by the Fleet Home Town News Center
(FHTNC) in which the appropriate Fleet Home
Town News Release Form(s) (NAVSO 5724/1)
is/are returned to the submitting command after
SADDLE STITCH To bind a publication along its
SATNET The AFRTS Satellite Network
SATURATION In television, the actual strength of a
SCALE The process of either enlarging or reducing a
cropped photograph or artwork to fit in a hole on a
SCALE FOCUSING In still photography, a
calibrated scale that permits focusing a camera
without the use of a range finder or ground glass.
SCANNING In television, the process of registering
all the elements of a video picture in sequence.
During the scanning process, the television camera
encodes the elements, then the television receiver
is used to decode them in the proper order to
recreate the original image.
SCANNING AREA In television, the total area seen
by the camera and reproduced on the studio monitor.
SCREEN In television and still photography, a small
metal screen placed in front of a lighting instrument
to reduce its intensity.
SCRIM In television and still photography, a piece of
clear, spun glass or gauze used to diffuse and soften
SECONDARY MOVEMENTS In television, camera
movements used to follow the primary movement
of the talent or to change or adjust picture
SHOOTING SCRIPT A written plan for a picture
SHOT (1) In still photography, a single exposure or
photograph. (2) In television, a single scene; the
continuous action occurring from the time the
camera is turned on to the time it is turned off.
SHUTTER RELEASE A device used to actuate a
SHUTTER SPEED In still photography, the length
of time that light is permitted to act upon film or
paper as a result of the shutter having opened and
SIC A term used to show the reader that quoted matter
contains an error, but is reproduced precisely. It is
normally used within brackets: [sic].
SIDE LIGHTING In still photography, the type of
lighting effect used to bring out the texture of a
SILHOUETTING A photographic technique in
which the subject is backlighted and then
SILVER HALIDE A light-sensitive silver salt,
especially silver chloride or silver bromide,
suspended in gelatin and used for coating
photographic film, plates or papers.
SITE Shipboard Information, Training and Enter-
tainment system. Any of several closed-circuit
television systems aboard authorized U.S. Navy
ships and submarines.
SLIDER See POT.
SOUND EFFECT In radio and television, any noise
used to enhance the spoken word.
SPEAKERS BUREAU A list of speakers from
within the command who talk on a variety of
subjects. Administered by the command public
SPLICE The process of joining two pieces of
audiotape at a predetermined location.
SPOT ANNOUNCEMENT In radio, a message
designed to inform the listener or make him take
some action. Most spot announcements are 60
seconds or less.
STET A Latin term meaning let it stand, used on
copy or galley proofs to indicate that a marked