OCCSTD Occupational standard A task statement
that describes a minimal professional requirement
in a particular rate.
OFFSET LITHOGRAPHY A printing process
wherein ink is applied to paper not directly from
type, but from a rubber roller that has taken the
impression from a photographically produced plate.
ON CUE An instruction in a video news release that
tells the talent to look at the television monitor in
the studio and wait for the scene described in the
video column to appear before continuing.
ONE-SHOT In television, a shot that includes one
ORAL PUNCTUATION MARKS In radio, a series
of diagonal lines added to copy to tell the announcer
when to breathe, without disrupting the natural flow,
phrasing and importance of a sentence.
ORNAMENTS Any of several printers devices,
such as stars (dingbats) and dots (bullets), used to
add interest and beauty to a printing job.
OSCILLOSCOPE In television, a device used to
display electronic signals visually and to setup and
test television equipment.
PAN In television, a secondary camera movement in
which the camera is moved horizontally on a
stationary pedestal (derived from panorama).
PAO Public affairs officer. A commissioned officer
(1650 designator) trained to interpret and imple-
ment the theories and practices of Navy public
affairs policy at the command level. At some smaller
installations, the PAO maybe an enlisted journalist
or an enlisted person from another rating.
PAO, COLLATERAL-DUTY A public affairs
officer without the 1650 designator who has other
assignments that are considered primary duties. In
most cases, a collateral-duty PAO can devote only
a minimal amount of time to public affairs work
PA REGS Short title for U.S. Navy Public Affairs
Policy and Regulations, SECNAVINST 5720.44A.
PA Regs provides the PAO and his staff with basic
policy and regulations to carry out the public affairs
and internal relations programs of the DON.
PEDESTAL (1) In television, a device on which a
camera is mounted. (2) A secondary camera
movement where the camera is either raised or
lowered on its pedestal.
PHASING In radio, an effect usually used to enhance
a persons voice and which is achieved when two
identical audio sources are played back at slightly
different start times.
PHOTO CAPTION See CUTLINE.
PHOTOELECTRIC TRANSDUCER See PICKUP
PHOTO-FLO See WETTING AGENT.
PHOTOJOURNALISM A means of communi-
cation where the main emphasis is predominantly
achieved through photographs.
PICA Printers unit of measure; one-sixth of an inch
or 12 points.
PICKUP TUBE In television, a vacuum tube housed
within a television camera that changes light into
electrical energy. Also known as a photoelectric
PICTURE STORY A planned, organized series of
related pictures that tell a story.
PLATE In offset lithography, the grained zinc or
aluminum sheet that carries the image to be printed.
PLATEN In typewriters and printers, the hard-rubber
roller against which the individual letters or printer
POINT The unit of measurement in which type sizes
are designated. One point is approximately one
seventy-second of an inch; 12 points equal one pica.
POLAR PATTERN Inradio and television, the shape
of the area around a microphone where it picks up
sounds with maximum fidelity and volume.
POSTPRODUCTION In radio and television, the
last stage of the production process that largely
involves quality control checks and final
adjustments to the finished program.
POT Potentiometer. In radio and television, a knob or
slider used to vary the sound volume of an input to
the audio console.
PREPRODUCTION In radio and television, the
primary production stage in which a live or taped
program is planned and coordinated
PRESREL Naval communications short title for a
Navy press (news) release transmitted to a
designated command for appropriate distribution.
PRIMARY MOVEMENT In television, movement
in front of the camera, usually by the talent.