INTERVIEW, PERSONALITY In radio and tele-
vision, an interview that highlights the
accomplishments of an individual or the position he
INTERVIEW, SCRIPTED In radio and television,
an interview method in which all the questions and
answers are prepared in advance and the
interviewee(s) read from a prepared text.
INTERVIEW, SEMI-SCRIPTED In radio and tele-
vision, an interview method in which the
interviewer researches the interviewee and subject
matter, reviews possible questions with the
interviewee in advance, and in some instances,
rehearses the interview.
INVERSE SQUARE LAW The intensity of light
received at a point varies inversely as the square of
the distance from the source. The law holds for
relatively small sources only and is useful in
calculating photographic exposures.
INVERTED PYRAMID The standard straight news
story form in which the writer arranges the facts in
descending order of importance.
IRIS DIAPHRAGM A term applied to the adjustable
aperture fitted into the barrel of a photographic lens
and so-called because the contraction of the
aperture resembles that of the iris (pupil) in the
ISO In still photography, the standard that indicates
the sensitivity (film speed) of black-and-white and
color film. ISO is an acronym for International
Standards Organization, a federation of all national
standards bodies of the world.
JUMP CUT In television, an awkward or jarring
transition between two camera shots.
KELVIN The measurement of the color of light in
degrees. Numerically, the Kelvin temperature is
equal to the Centigrade temperature plus 273
KEYBOARD An input device used with computers
that includes alphabetic, numeric, punctuation,
symbol and control keys.
KICKER An underscored line of display type placed
above the main headline and to the left margin of
the copy block. The kicker is one-half the size of the
main headline and it is usually one-third to one-half
the length of the main headline.
LATENT IMAGE The image recorded by light on
the light-sensitive emulsion that remains invisible
LATITUDE In still photography, the amount by
which a negative may be overexposed or under-
exposed without an appreciable loss of image
LAYOUT The overall pattern of the elements on a
page, showing the arrangement of pictures, text and
LEAD Pronounced leed. The first and most
important paragraph of any news story. It attracts
the reader and states the important facts first.
LEAD, SUMMARY A news story lead that briefly
summarizes the most important facts in the story.
LEADING LINES A photographic technique used to
direct attention toward the point of interest.
LENS In still photography and television, the optical
instrument or arrangement of light-refracting
elements in a group; the lens is designed to collect
and distribute rays of light in the formation of an
LENS, WIDE ANGLE A lens of a shorter final
length than the standard lens, used to get more area
into the picture.
LENS, ZOOM A variable final-length lens.
LETTER, BUSINESS A form of correspondence
generally used when writing agencies or individuals
outside the Department of the Navy (DON) or
Department of Defense (DoD).
LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL A cover document
used to submit 10 or more Fleet Home Town News
Release Forms (NAVSO 5724/1).
LETTER, STANDARD NAVAL Official correspon-
dence used when writing to other naval commands
or organizations within the Department of Defense
LIBEL A published (written, printed or pictured)
defamation that unjustly holds a person up to
ridicule, contempt, hatred or financial injury.
LIBEL PER SE The more obvious and serious of the
two forms of libel. Libel per se means by itself or
on the face of it.
LIBEL PER QUOD The least obvious of the two
forms of libel. Libel per quod means because of