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Continuity Cutting

 
  
 
Continuity Cutting Figure  14-48.—Cutaway. Figure  14-49.—Cut-in. Continuity  cutting  is  the  most  commonly  used method of editing videotape for news or feature releases. It is used when the storytelling is dependent on matching consecutive   scenes.   Continuity   cutting   consists   of matched cuts in which continuous action flows from one shot to another. The  three  transitional  devices  associated  with continuity   cutting   are   the   cutaway,   cut-in   a nd crosscutting. CUTAWAY.—  When  the  action  shown  is  not  a portion  of  the  previous  scene,  a  transitional  device, known   as   a   cutaway,   is   used   to   change   positions, movements or characters or to denote a lapse of time. This  eliminates  a  mismatch,  or  jump  cut,  that  would cause the segment to appear jerky or out of sequence. Cutaways are often termed  protection,  reaction,  insert or cover shots  and are thought of as secondary action shots. For example, if the main thought is centered around a parade, cutaways might consist of closeup shots of the crowd  Children  may  be  shown  watching  intently,  eating candy or applauding; adults may be wearing different expressions  of  emotion  or  carrying  children  on  their shoulders (fig. 14-48). These shots are of human interest and are related to the main story, but are not actually a primary part of it. If you have a good selection of cutaways, often you can make a marvelous story out of an otherwise drab and  commonplace  event.  The  cutaway  can  cover  a multitude  of  camera  operator  errors  and  result  in  the formulation of an exciting segment. Cutaways  should  last  between  three  and  five seconds. CUT-IN.—  Another method used to denote a lapse of time is the cut-in. Unlike the cutaway, the cut-in is a part  of  the  primary  action,  rather  than  the  secondary action. For instance, to denote a person climbing a long flight of stairs, you establish the individual at the start of the climb, then cut to a close-up of feet as they take the  steps.  After  you  establish  the  shot  (three  to  five seconds), you cut back to the person at the top of the stairs (fig. 14-49). A person can appear to walk a city block in just a few seconds by showing feet walking or a hand carrying a briefcase. 14-38


   


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